Olle Bonniér (1925-2016)
1950-års tema (1950s theme)
Signed 'Olle Bonniér -55'
13 x 14 ins / 32 x 35 cms
'Svensk Kost Efter 1945 - En Konstkritisk Essä' by Olle Granath. Published Bonniers Förlag, Stockholm (1978). Illustrated p.11
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Norman Olof Ivar Nygren-Bonniér was born in Los Angeles, USA on 1st January 1925. He was a Swedish painter.
Bonniér's family moved to Sweden in 1930. In 1939, at the age of 14, Bonnier met the Swedish landscape painter Gustaf Fjæstad (1868-1948) in Värmland - their subsequent correspondence is held in the Kungliga Biblioteket (Royal Library).
Bonniér attended the Technical School (Tekniska Skolen) in Stockholm (1941-1942) and Isaac Grünewald's Painting School in Stockholm (1942-1945). While studying, Bonniér travelled to Denmark, Switzerland, Italy and France (1946-48). As a student in the 1940s, Bonniers work was heavily influenced by early cubism but by the mid 1940s his work became increasingly non-figurative and geometric.
Bonniér exhibited at the (1947) 'Ung Konst' (Young Art) at the Färg och Form (Colour and Shape) Gallery at Brunkebergstorg in Stockholm. Other exhibitors included the Konkretist artists Pierre Olofsson (1921-1996), Lage Lindell (1920-1980) and Lennart Rodhe (1916-2005).
Other exhibitions include '40-Talskonst' (40s Art) in Lund (1948); with The Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Paris (1948, 1949 and 1951); 'Konkret', Gallery Blanche, Stockholm (1949) and at Samlaren, Stockholm (1951); Galerie Denise René, L`Art Suédois, Paris (1953); Mexico City (1978) and a retrospective at the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts (Konstakademien), Stockholm in 1995.
In 1974, Bonniér travelled to central America and Mexico and briefly taught art in Xalapa, Mexico for a year in 1976. In 1980 he acquired a studio in New York, USA.
Examples of Bonnier's works are held in the collections of Moderna Museet (Museum of Modern Art) and Nationalmuseum (National Museum) in Stockholm and the Gothenburg Art Museum, Malmö Museum and Norrköping Museum.
Ollie Bonniér died on 7th March 2016, aged 91.
Färg och Form (Colour and Shape) Gallery
Färg och Form was an exhibition space in Stockholm where artists were able to sell their works directly to buyers. Establised in 1932 by fourteen painters and sculptors, the original group included Bror Hjorth, Vera Nilsson, Sven Erixson and Gunnar Svenson. The gallery was named after the acclaimed (1913) overview of modern painting by the Swedish writer and critic August Brunius (1879-1926). In April 1935 the gallery was reported to the police for 'the wounding of discipline and morality'. The Gallery closed, after 70 years, in June 2002.
The Salon des Réalités Nouvelles
The Salon des Réalités Nouvelles is an association of artists (and an art exhibition) in Paris, which focuses on abstract art. The exhibition takes place annually in October and ranks among the top Parisian art salons.
The expression 'Réalités Nouvelles' (New realities) was penned in 1912 by the poet Guillaume Apollinaire. He viewed abstraction as the best way to express modern reality.
The first exhibition was held in 1939 in Galerie Charpentier, organised by Robert Delaunay, Sonia Delaunay, Nelly van Doesburg and Fredo Sidès. In 1946 the Salon was officially established as a successor to Abstraction-Création by Fredo Sidès, and its first board included Jean Arp, Sonia Delaunay and Albert Gleizes as members. Sidès was chairman until his death in 1953.
With enthusiastic critical support in its early days, the Salon quickly proved successful, presenting geometric and concrete works by artists such as Jean Dewasne and Victor Vasarely as well as non-figurative works by Pierre Soulages, Georges Mathieu, Vieira de Silva, and Robert Motherwell.